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Mexico Vs China Manufacturing Comparison

Manufacturing in Mexico Vs. China
Top 10 Reasons

Over a decade ago manufacturers wouldn't hesitate to say that China and other overseas locations were hands-down cheaper than anywhere in the world. That is no longer the case. The trend has shifted for both political as well as economic reasons, and Mexico has arrived to the top of the short list.

Why Are Companies Manufacturing in Mexico?
Proximity, Cost Savings, Opportunities

In today's dynamic manufacturing environment, companies have several attractive options to consider when expanding to a new manufacturing location. Mexico is poised, standing ready, willing and able to attract world class manufacturing companies to their shores.

US companies have been manufacturing in Mexico for 50 years, making now the right time to find out if you should be too.

Mexico, provides the best combination of assets for sourcing your products or setting up a manufacturing plant (maquiladora):

  • Mexico has the most free trade agreements in the world, NAFTA/USMCA (North America) and the new CPTPP gives manufacturers and suppliers tariff-free access to 11 countries throughout the Asia-Pacific (Canada, Australia, Brunei, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam)
  • Duty free temporary imports of raw materials and machinery under Mexico’s IMMEX program when working with a shelter company
  • Less volatile trade relationship, we are geographical neighbors with deeply integrated economies
  • Highly skilled and plentiful labor force that is largely bilingual and bicultural
  • Ability to transfer knowledge base, some of the Chinese workforce to Mexican facilities
  • Decades of foreign direct investment and governmental investment in the billions of dollars for modern facilities, infrastructure, roads, electricity, and water
  • Stone’s throw proximity to the United States with dedicated commercial border crossings and deep-water port connected to the world.

For global manufacturing companies seeking to reduce costs there is no location in the world that is closer than Mexico. Location factors are important to manufacturers planning for transportation, logistics and time-in-transit costs to get their product to market.

At North America’s southern end, Mexico has next-door access to the United States and Canada. Along with cargo ships for transporting goods, “NAFTA  Corridors” and highways connect ground transportation from Mexico to all of North America, allowing products to be moved quickly and just-in-time. Compared to overseas locations like China where transportation can take nearly 30 days by container ship, shipping costs as well as time-in-transit becomes an all-too-critical consideration when manufacturers are operating in a different country.

Read more: Mexico Logistics & Infrastructure

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The  North American Free Trade Agreement  (NAFTA/USMCA) is now in its 22nd year and is the world’s biggest success story for international trade agreements. Under NAFTA, the United States, Canada and Mexico, 99% of imports are duty-free with the remaining 1% benefiting from preferential-duty. Additionally, under the Manufacturing, Maquiladora Program and Export Service Decree, the  IMMEX Program  allows for goods, raw materials and components to be imported into Mexico on a temporary basis, duty-free and VAT-free, as long as they are returned abroad within the established timeframes (most are 18mos). For the aerospace industry, aircraft and aircraft parts are also free of tariffs.

Read more: hat is the Maquiladora / IMMEX program?

Mexico has an abundant highly-skilled, low-cost labor force catering to the Aerospace & Defense, Electronics, Medical Device, Automotive & Parts, Cleantech and contract manufacturing industries. With an over 2,373,416 strong manufacturing workforce in Mexico.

Something else to consider the workweek in Mexico,  the US has a 40-hour work week and Mexico has a 48-hour work week, this will increase your production output by 16%. 

The wages in Mexico are dramatically less than in the United States and 14.6% less than China, according to a KPMG study. Mexico, for the most part, has remained stable in its labor rate averaging anywhere from 1.85 to $2.25 per hour. Mexico vs. China

Read more: The Workforce in Mexico

Annual Labor Cost Comparison: Mexico vs. US

Experience & Expertise: Mexico Industries

FACT: Mexico Exports over $80 billion Annually in Electronics Products

Mexico's entry to the  manufacturing  arena began more than 50 years ago. At its inception, the draw for foreign manufacturers was its low-cost labor rates. Today the manufacturing landscape and Mexico is much different; Major industries in Mexico have attracted global manufacturing companies such as Volkswagen, GM, Bombardier, Bose, Eaton and other world class corporations by proving the technical skills and capabilities to compete not only in North America, but on the world stage as well.

Products manufactured in Mexico reach far beyond simple assembly, it is common to find companies that design, develop and manufacture some of the most complex products in the marketplace in a variety of industries. Read: Products You Didn't Realize Were Made in Mexico

Tijuana,  the most visited  border city  in the globe  has become a manufacturing powerhouse for companies from all over the world pertaining to major industries in Mexico such as  Aerospace & Defense,  Medical Device,  Automotive  and Electronics.  Cities like Tijuana are burgeoning hubs for manufacturing activities.

major industries in Mexico

Read more: Major Industries in Mexico

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